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Aristotle S Prior Analytics Book I

Author: Aristotle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199250405
Size: 25.52 MB
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The Prior Analytics marks the beginning of formal logic, and is one of the most influential works in the history of thought. It is here that Aristotle sets out his system of syllogistic reasoning. The first book, to which this volume is devoted, offers a coherent presentation of Aristotle's logic as a general theory of deductive argument.

Schlu Folgerungslehre In Erfurter Schulen Des 14 Jahrhunderts

Author: Rainer Grass
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027284202
Size: 44.39 MB
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As the title indicates the author presents a contemporary theory of consequence. In so doing he establishes a terminology that enables a description, interpretation and evaluation of medieval theory independently of medieval vocabulary. In the interest of better understanding the medieval writers the author puts himself in the position of the medieval scholar in Erfurt. The reader learns about the Erfurt schools and the controversal debate on the so-called modi significandi, using only texts that are known to have been available in Erfurt in the first half of the 14th century. The two tracts, a short epitome of Thomas Maulfelt and a comprehensive volume of Albert of Saxony represent the two most common tracts of this discipline, and are discussed on the basis of questions arising in the introduction. New conclusions can be reached about the scope and the goal of medieval consequence theory which is an original accomplishment of the high Middle Ages and its place in the history of logic. Der Ankündigung im Titel gehorchend stellt der Autor eine zeitgenössische Theorie zu Schlußfolgerung dar. Somit wird eine Terminologie erstellt, in der — unabhängig von der Fachsprache des Mittelalters – die verschiedenen Ausführungen zur Schlußfolgerungslehre des Spätmittelalters beschreiben, interpretiert und bewertet werden können. Um die mittelalterlichen Autoren Thomas Maulfelt und Albert von Sachsen zu verstehen, versetzt sich der Autor in die Perspektive eines Scholars im Erfurt der Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts. Der Leser wird über die Schulsituation in Erfurt unterrichtet, er erfährt von der hitzigen Debatte um die modi significandi und blickt zur weiteren Erläuterung lediglich in solche Schriften, deren Vorkommen für die Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts in Erfurt belegbar sind. Anhand von Fragestellungen, die sich aus dem Einleitungsteil ableiten, werden die zwei Traktate, die in Form, Inhalt und Umfang die zwei häufigsten Schrifttypen zur Schlußfolgerungslehre repräsentieren, untersucht. So ergeben sich zur Anwendungreichweite, zur Zielsetzung dieser Disziplin, die eine originäre Leistung des hohen Mittelalters ist, sowie zu ihrem Stellenwert in der Logikgeschichte neue Erkenntnisse.

Aristotle S Prior Analytics Book I Translated With An Introduction And Commentary

Author: Gisela Striker
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191568953
Size: 70.59 MB
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Aristotle's Prior Analytics marks the beginning of formal logic. For Aristotle himself, this meant the discovery of a general theory of valid deductive argument, a project that he had described as either impossible or impracticable, probably not very long before he actually came up with syllogistic reasoning. A syllogism is the inferring of one proposition from two others of a particular form, and it is the subject of the Prior Analytics. The first book, to which this volume is devoted, offers a fairly coherent presentation of Aristotle's logic as a general theory of deductive argument.

David The Invincible Commentary On Aristotle S Prior Analytics

Author: David (the Invincible.)
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004187197
Size: 67.21 MB
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This edition of David the Invincible’s Commentary on the Prior Analytics, surviving only in an old Armenian translation from Greek, includes a revised critical text and the first English translation of the work, textual parallels with other commentaries, trilingual glossaries and other material useful to specialists.