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Change Chance And Optimality

Author: April McMahon
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191583537
Size: 53.15 MB
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This book is about how languages change. It is also a devastating critique of a widespread linguistic orthodoxy. April McMahon argues that to provide a convincing explanation of linguistic change the roles of history and contingency must be accommodated in linguistic theory. She also shows that theoretical work in related disciplines can be used to assess the value of such theories. Optimality Theory, or OT as it is usually called, dominates contemporary phonology, especially in the USA, and is becoming increasingly influential in syntax and language acquisition. Having set out its basis principles, Professor McMahon assesses their explanatory power in analysing language change and its residues in current phonological systems. Using cross-linguistic data, and drawing comparisons with other theories inside and outside linguistics, she shows that OT is incapable of accounting for language change, without the addition of rules and an appreciation of chance and historical contingency that would then undermine its theoretical underpinnings. OT relies on innateness and needs to discuss the origins of allegedly genetically-specified features. The author considers the nature and evolution of the human language capacity, and demonstrates a profound mismatch between the predictions of evolutionary biology and the claims for innateness made in OT.

Chance Order Change The Course Of International Law General Course On Public International Law

Author: James Crawford
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900426809X
Size: 13.71 MB
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Also available as an e-book Chance, Order, Change: The Course of International Law, General Course on Public International Law by J. Crawford The course of international law over time needs to be understood if international law is to be understood. This work aims to provide such an understanding. It is directed not at topics or subject headings — sources, treaties, states, human rights and so on — but at some of the key unresolved problems of the discipline. Unresolved, they call into question its status as a discipline. Is international law “law” properly so-called ? In what respects is it systematic ? Does it — can it — respect the rule of law ? These problems can be resolved, or at least reduced, by an imaginative reading of our shared practices and our increasingly shared history, with an emphasis on process. In this sense the practice of the institutions of international law is to be understood as the law itself. They are in a dialectical relationship with the law, shaping it and being shaped by it. This is explained by reference to actual cases and examples, providing a course of international law in some standard sense as well.

Continuity Chance And Change

Author: E. A. Wrigley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521396578
Size: 61.39 MB
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The Industrial Revolution brought into being a distinct world, a world of greater affluence, longevity and mobility, an urban rather than a rural world. But the great surge of economic growth was balanced against severe constraints on the opportunities for expansion, revealing an intriguing paradox. This book, published to considerable critical acclaim, explores the paradox and attempts to provide a distinct model' of the changes that comprised the industrial revolution.

Ceb Common English Bible With Apocrypha Ebook Epub

Author: Common English Bible,
Publisher: Common English Bible
ISBN: 1609260856
Size: 63.87 MB
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Take a fresh look at the Bible while you experience a new translation. The Common English Bible is relevant, readable, and reliable. The result is a new version that the typical reader or worshipper is able to understand. 115 leading biblical scholars from 22 faith traditions and 77 reading specialists in 13 denominations worked on this translation. Contains Apocrypha books.

Chance Character And Change

Author: John Mattausch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351529536
Size: 35.72 MB
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Chance is real. Not only is it a cause of societal change, but we as individuals are chance-given characters who discover and build our character in chancy circumstances. Chance is also expressed as coincidence and contingency, expressions which have episodically been of undeniable historical importance. Mattausch asserts the conventional picture of societal change is incorrect. Societal change is not a linear succession with each phase of change replacing its predecessor. Instead, the process is one of accumulative change in which chance plays various roles. Chance, Character, and Change develops the idea of chance, situating it within the history of thought and social change. By focusing strictly on manifestations of chance and of luck that can be seen and explained, Mattausch is able to show how chance acts in the environment of evolution and the social practices that regulate the inheritance of knowledge and technology. This, in turn, steers societal change and how change itself occurs. Chance's role is often characterized as coincidence or contingency, and this automatically is seen as progressive or degenerate. However, Mattausch notes that accumulative change is potentially both progressive as well as decadent. Chance also plays a part in the social aspects of our world--customs, practices, cultures, societies, and politics. When we act, Mattausch argues, we do not distinguish between good and bad, but rather between determinism and chance; the latter is a test of character, not of free will. This theory is general in its assertions and application, and can be related to many areas of study from economic theory, to human behavior, to politics. The rich texture of the writing and vivid use of examples from daily life and the work of other major thinkers draw in the reader. The most striking aspect of this work is the author's writing style and the way he weaves together evidence, classic research, and contemporary thought. It is skillfu

Resilience English Edition

Author: Ella Gabriele Amann
Publisher: Haufe-Lexware
ISBN: 3648068342
Size: 68.80 MB
Format: PDF
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!-- Generated by XStandard version on 2016-07-01T13:05:40 -- Resilient people have an easier life - they can overcome setbacks better than others. This pocket guide contains techniques and strategies for greater resilience. Numerous practical examples will help you to strengthen your powers of resistance. Managers who want to make their companies more robust will find all the answers in this book. Contents: The meaning of being resilient: inspiration from the fields of brain research and neuroanatomy Managing crises and change with confidence: coping with insecurity and mastering complexity The three elements that foster resilience Self-regulation and stress management The resilient company as a mission statement: eight guiding principles for resilient leadership

Doing English

Author: Robert Eaglestone
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415284226
Size: 38.40 MB
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Aimed at A-level students, this book provides an introduction to degree-level English study. Illustrated with examples from A-level texts, the book examines the evolution of English as a subject and questions assumptions of approaches to literature.