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Finland S War Of Choice

Author: Henrik Lunde
Publisher: Casemate
ISBN: 1612000371
Size: 76.98 MB
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A selection of the Military Book Club. This book describes the odd coalition between Germany and Finland in World War II, and their joint military operations from 1941 to 1945. This is a topic often missing in English, though in stark contrast to the numerous books on the shorter and less bloody Winter War. That conflict represented a gallant fight of a democratic “David” against a totalitarian “Goliath” that caught the imagination of the world. The story of Finland fighting alongside a “Goliath” of its own has not brought pride to that nation and was a period many Finns would rather forget. The prologue of this book brings the reader up to speed by briefly examining the difficult history of Finland, from its separation from the Soviet Union in 1917 to its isolation after being bludgeoned in 1939–40. It then examines both Finnish and German motives for forming a coalition against the USSR, and how—as logical as a common enemy would seem—the lack of true planning and preparation would doom the alliance. This book posits that it was mind-boggling how the highly professional German General Staff allowed itself to accept the militarily unsound and shaky coalition that resulted. The war aims were not discussed or harmonized, there were no campaign plans with tasks and missions spelled out past the initial assault, no effective main effort established, inadequate force levels, and an unsound command structure with various headquarters. Practically every rule in the book was broken. The objective of linking up with the Finns in the Leningrad area was an important factor in Hitler opting for three main drives into the Soviet Union rather than an earlier OKH plan that called for only two. After describing the operations during and after Barbarossa, this book describes how the Finnish theater became a blind ally for the Germans. Their strongest and best army was trapped both operationally and geographically in central and northern Finland, making virtually no contribution to the war effort. The Germans could not bring to bear enough forces to accomplish their objectives without substantial Finnish assistance, and that was not forthcoming. The final chapters deal with the Soviet counteroffensive against the Finns in 1944. The Finns lost all their gains and quickly concluded a separate armistice. This left the German forces in Finland to simply vacate the territory, fighting between the Finns and Soviets alike as they tried to return to the main war. Jointly suffering 291,000 casualties, the only consolation was that the coalition had inflicted some 830,000 on the Soviets. In this book, Henrik Lunde, a former US Special Operations colonel, and the renowned author of Hitler’s Pre-emptive War: The Battle for Norway, 1940, once again fills a profound gap in our understanding of World War II.

Unknown Conflicts Of The Second World War

Author: Chris Murray
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429876963
Size: 48.99 MB
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Unknown Conflicts of the Second World War: Forgotten Fronts is a collection of chapters dealing with various overlooked aspects of the Second World War. The aim is to give greater depth and context to the war by introducing new stories about regions of the world and elements of the war rarely considered. These chapters represent new discussions on previously undeveloped narratives that help to expand our understanding of the interconnectedness of the war. It also provides an expanded view of the war as a mosaic of overlapping conflicts rather than a two-sided affair between massive alliance structures. The Second World War saw revolutions, civil wars, social upheaval, subversion, and major geopolitical policy shifts that do not fit neatly into the Allied vs. Axis 1939–1945 paradigm. This aim is to connect the unseen dots from around the globe that influenced the big turning points we think we know well but have really only a superficial understanding of and in so doing shed new light on the scope and influence of the war.

Finland At War

Author: Vesa Nenye
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472813588
Size: 14.18 MB
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The story of the 'Winter War' between Finland and Soviet Russia is a dramatic David versus Goliath encounter. When close to half a million Soviet troops poured into Finland in 1939 it was expected that Finnish defences would collapse in a matter of weeks. But they held firm. The Finns not only survived the initial attacks but succeeded in inflicting devastating casualties before superior Russian numbers eventually forced a peace settlement. This is a rigorously detailed and utterly compelling guide to Finland's vital, but almost forgotten role in the cataclysmic World War II. It reveals the untold story of iron determination, unparalleled skill and utter mastery of winter warfare that characterised Finland's fight for survival on the hellish Eastern Front. Now publishing in paperback, Finland at War: the Winter War 1939–40 is the premiere English-language history of the fighting performance of the Finns, drawing on first-hand accounts and rare photographs to explain just how they were able to perform military feats that nearly defy belief.

The Second World Wars

Author: Victor Davis Hanson
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465093191
Size: 48.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A definitive account of World War II by America's preeminent military historian World War II was the most lethal conflict in human history. Never before had a war been fought on so many diverse landscapes and in so many different ways, from rocket attacks in London to jungle fighting in Burma to armor strikes in Libya. The Second World Wars examines how combat unfolded in the air, at sea, and on land to show how distinct conflicts among disparate combatants coalesced into one interconnected global war. Drawing on 3,000 years of military history, Victor Davis Hanson argues that despite its novel industrial barbarity, neither the war's origins nor its geography were unusual. Nor was its ultimate outcome surprising. The Axis powers were well prepared to win limited border conflicts, but once they blundered into global war, they had no hope of victory. An authoritative new history of astonishing breadth, The Second World Wars offers a stunning reinterpretation of history's deadliest conflict.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Author: Douglas Murray
Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
ISBN: 3960921802
Size: 57.64 MB
Format: PDF
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Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Kalewala

Author: Elias Lönnrot
Publisher: Jung und Jung Verlag
ISBN: 3990271318
Size: 41.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Das Meer, die Erde, die Sterne, die Liebe und der Tod: Eine große Verserzählung über die Erschaffung der Welt. Von der Erschaffung der Erde und der Gestirne erzählt dieses Epos, von der Kultivierung des Bodens und dem launischen Meer, vor allem aber von den Begegnungen mit dem schemenhaften Land im Norden, um dessen Tochter die Herren Wäinämöinen, Lemminkäinen und Ilmarinen gleichermaßen werben. Doch auf die Freier warten gefährliche Aufgaben. Kalewala, das Land des Urvaters Kalewa, ist Schauplatz dieses groß angelegten Freskos der mythenumsponnenen Frühzeit Finnlands. Auf zahlreichen Fußreisen hatte Elias Lönnrot - im Geist des spätromantischen 19. Jahrhunderts - Tausende von Versen mündlich überlieferter Lieder gesammelt, Lieder epischen, lyrischen und beschwörenden Inhalts, die er in der Folge zu einem teils heldisch-kriegerischen, teils zauberhaft-magischen Epos verband. Viele namhafte Übersetzer haben sich am »Kalewala« versucht, doch erst Gisbert Jänickes Arbeit ist es, die den höchsten Ansprüchen genügt: Sie ist vollständig, beruht in allen Details auf dem Original, berücksichtigt auch die neuesten Forschungsergebnisse und besticht durch ihre geschmeidig fließende Eleganz.