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La Banda Di Via Panisperna

Author: Giorgio Colangelo
Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE
ISBN: 8820360586
Size: 62.97 MB
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Roma, primi anni Venti. Nel vecchio istituto di fisica di Via Panisperna un gruppo di studenti, guidati da Enrico Fermi, nell'entusiasmo e nella spregiudicatezza giovanile, scoprono la chiave per violare i segreti del nucleo atomico. Quei ragazzi, tra cui Majorana, Amaldi, Pontecorvo, Segrè e Rasetti, diventeranno i protagonisti della nascita della fisica moderna e vivranno i momenti fondamentali che hanno segnato il secolo scorso: dal fascismo al boom economico, passando per la Seconda Guerra Mondiale e l'era atomica, fino ad arrivare alla Guerra Fredda. La banda di Via Panisperna non è solo il racconto di grandi scoperte scientifiche, di eventi che hanno segnato la nostra epoca, ma anche una storia di gioventù e amicizia, sogni e ambizioni, misteri e domande, a cui in alcuni casi non si è ancora trovata una risposta.

Dove Nasce La Nuova Fisica

Author: Gabriella Greison
Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE
ISBN: 8820373432
Size: 25.37 MB
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Albert Einstein aveva simpaticamente denominato i ritrovi dei fisici del XX secolo "witches' Sabbath" (incontri delle streghe). Questo libro racconta lo spirito che li animava, introducendo il lettore ai contenuti di base e alle discussioni che hanno una rilevanza fondamentale nella fisica e nella società di oggi. Nati nel 1911, i Congressi Solvay sono il luogo dove i dibattiti, le prese di posizione, gli intuiti, le scintille geniali dei partecipanti danno vita alla nascita e allo sviluppo della fisica moderna, in particolare di quella quantistica e nucleare. Facendoci accompagnare da Planck, da Lorentz, da Einstein, da Poincaré, da Schrödinger, questo libro ripercorre le svolte della storia della fisica partendo proprio da questi eccezionali ritrovi dei fisici più importanti a livello mondiale a Bruxelles; quei fisici che con le loro teste hanno cambiato la nostra visione del mondo e talvolta anche il nostro mondo reale.

Enrico Fermi

Author: Giuseppe Bruzzaniti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 149393533X
Size: 69.94 MB
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This biography explores the life and career of the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi, which is also the story of thirty years that transformed physics and forever changed our understanding of matter and the universe: nuclear physics and elementary particle physics were born, nuclear fission was discovered, the Manhattan Project was developed, the atomic bombs were dropped, and the era of “big science” began. It would be impossible to capture the full essence of this revolutionary period without first understanding Fermi, without whom it would not have been possible. Enrico Fermi: The Obedient Genius attempts to shed light on all aspects of Fermi’s life - his work, motivation, influences, achievements, and personal thoughts - beginning with the publication of his first paper in 1921 through his death in 1954. During this time, Fermi demonstrated that he was indeed following in the footsteps of Galileo, excelling in his work both theoretically and experimentally by deepening our understanding of the Pauli exclusion principle, winning the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the fundamental properties of slow neutrons, developing the theory of beta decay, building the first nuclear reactor, and playing a central role in the development of the atomic bomb. Interwoven with this fascinating story, the book details the major developments in physics and provides the necessary background material to fully appreciate the dramatic changes that were taking place. Also included are appendices that provide a timeline of Fermi’s life, several primary source documents from the period, and an extensive bibliography. This book will enlighten anyone interested in Fermi’s work or the scientific events that led to the physics revolution of the first half of the twentieth century.

Copenhagen

Author: Michael Frayn
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 135001320X
Size: 30.18 MB
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'Michael Frayn's tremendous play is a piece of history, an intellectual thriller, a psychological investigation and a moral tribunal in full session' Sunday Times 'A profound and haunting meditation on the mysteries of human motivation' Independent 'Frayn has seized on a ral-life historical and scientific mystery. In 1941 the physicist Werner Heisenberg, who formulated the famous Uncertainty Principle about the movement of particles, and was at that time leading the Nazi's nuclear programme, went to visit his old boss and mentor, Niels Bohr, in Copenhagen. What was the purpose of his visit to Nazi-occupied Denmark? What did the two old friends say to each other, particularly bearing in mind that Bohr was both half-Jewish and a Danish patriot?... Frayn argues that just as it is impossible to be certain of the precise location of an electron, so it is impossible to be certain about the workings of the human mind... What is certain is that Frayn makes ideas zing and sing in this play' Daily Telegraph

Ettore Majorana

Author: Giuseppe-Franco Bassani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540480951
Size: 18.76 MB
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A century after his birth, Ettore Majorana is rightfully considered one of the greatest physicists of the first half of the last century. With this volume the Italian Physical Society presents a collection of Ettore Majorana's scientific papers in the original language and, for the first time -- with three exceptions -- translated into English. Each paper is then followed by a comment in English of an expert in the scientific field.

Quantum Mechanics

Author: Leonard Susskind
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465036678
Size: 28.40 MB
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From the bestselling author of The Theoretical Minimum, a DIY introduction to the math and science of quantum physics First he taught you classical mechanics. Now, physicist Leonard Susskind has teamed up with data engineer Art Friedman to present the theory and associated mathematics of the strange world of quantum mechanics. In this follow-up to The Theoretical Minimum, Susskind and Friedman provide a lively introduction to this famously difficult field, which attempts to understand the behavior of sub-atomic objects through mathematical abstractions. Unlike other popularizations that shy away from quantum mechanics’ weirdness, Quantum Mechanics embraces the utter strangeness of quantum logic. The authors offer crystal-clear explanations of the principles of quantum states, uncertainty and time dependence, entanglement, and particle and wave states, among other topics, and each chapter includes exercises to ensure mastery of each area. Like The Theoretical Minimum, this volume runs parallel to Susskind’s eponymous Stanford University-hosted continuing education course. An approachable yet rigorous introduction to a famously difficult topic, Quantum Mechanics provides a tool kit for amateur scientists to learn physics at their own pace.

To Each His Own

Author: Leonardo Sciascia
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 0940322528
Size: 70.98 MB
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This letter is your death sentence. To avenge what you have done you will die. But what has Manno the pharmacist done? Nothing that he can think of. The next day he and his hunting companion are both dead.The police investigation is inconclusive. However, a modest high school teacher with a literary bent has noticed a clue that, he believes, will allow him to trace the killer. Patiently, methodically, he begins to untangle a web of erotic intrigue and political calculation. But the results of his amateur sleuthing are unexpected--and tragic. To Each His Own is one of the masterworks of the great Sicilian novelist Leonardo Sciascia--a gripping and unconventional detective story that is also an anatomy of a society founded on secrets, lies, collusion, and violence.

Women And Physcis

Author: Laura McCullough
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681742780
Size: 22.61 MB
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This book begins with an examination of the numbers of women in physics in English-speaking countries, moving on to examine factors that affect girls and their decision to continue in science, right through to education and on into the problems that women in physics careers face. Looking at all of these topics with one eye on the progress that the field has made in the past few years, and another on those things that we have yet to address, the book surveys the most current research as it tries to identify strategies and topics that have significant impact on issues that women have in the field.

The Pope Of Physics

Author: Gino Segrè
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 1627790063
Size: 75.40 MB
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Enrico Fermi is unquestionably among the greats of the world's physicists, the most famous Italian scientist since Galileo. Called the Pope by his peers, he was regarded as infallible in his instincts and research. His discoveries changed our world; they led to weapons of mass destruction and conversely to life-saving medical interventions. This unassuming man struggled with issues relevant today, such as the threat of nuclear annihilation and the relationship of science to politics. Fleeing Fascism and anti-Semitism, Fermi became a leading figure in America's most secret project: building the atomic bomb. The last physicist who mastered all branches of the discipline, Fermi was a rare mixture of theorist and experimentalist. His rich legacy encompasses key advances in fields as diverse as comic rays, nuclear technology, and early computers. In their revealing book, The Pope of Physics, Gino Segré and Bettina Hoerlin bring this scientific visionary to life. An examination of the human dramas that touched Fermi’s life as well as a thrilling history of scientific innovation in the twentieth century, this is the comprehensive biography that Fermi deserves.