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The A To Z Of The French Revolution

Author: Paul R. Hanson
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 1461716063
Size: 67.24 MB
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The French Revolution remains the most examined event and period in world history. Most historians would argue that it was the first "modern" revolution, an event so momentous that it changed the very meaning of the word revolution to its current connotation of a political and/or social upheaval that marks a decisive break with the past, moving the society in a forward or progressive direction. No revolution has occurred since 1789 without making reference to this first revolution, and most have been measured against it. When revolution shook the foundations of the Old Regime in France, shock waves reverberated throughout the western world. The A to Z of the French Revolution examines the causes and origins; the roles of significant persons; crucial events and turning points; important institutions and organizations; and the economic, social, and intellectual factors involved in the event that gave birth to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, the introduction of universal manhood suffrage, and the Napoleonic Empire. An introductory essay, chronology, and comprehensive bibliography complement the more than 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries, making this a great resource for students and history enthusiasts alike.

La R Volution Fran Aise 3e Dition

Author: Michel Vovelle
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200602529
Size: 55.84 MB
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La Révolution française est d’abord un événement dont il importe de connaître de cours et la portée. L’expansion révolutionnaire, la place de la guerre, la Terreur, la Contre-Révolution s’inscrivent dans cette période de l’histoire française. Mais la Révolution, c’est aussi une remise en cause d’un ancien ordre et l’émergence de valeurs nouvelles dans les domaines du politique, du social, de l’économique, de la démographie. Le religieux et le culturel ont été également profondément modifiés : une place importante est faite à l’histoire des mentalités, aux traits de cet homme « régénéré » que la Révolution a rêvé de promouvoir, à sa vie quotidienne, à ses aspirations. Cet ouvrage éclaire ce moment fondateur et offre un tableau complet et sensible de cette décennie qui a changé le cours de l’histoire. Il propose enfin un état des lieux de la Révolution française, entre mémoire et héritage.

Utopia S Garden

Author: E. C. Spary
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226768635
Size: 24.55 MB
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The royal Parisian botanical garden, the Jardin du Roi, was a jewel in the crown of the French Old Regime, praised by both rulers and scientific practitioners. Yet unlike many such institutions, the Jardin not only survived the French Revolution but by 1800 had become the world's leading public establishment of natural history: the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. E. C. Spary traces the scientific, administrative, and political strategies that enabled the foundation of the Muséum, arguing that agriculture and animal breeding rank alongside classification and collections in explaining why natural history was important for French rulers. But the Muséum's success was also a consequence of its employees' Revolutionary rhetoric: by displaying the natural order, they suggested, the institution could assist in fashioning a self-educating, self-policing Republican people. Natural history was presented as an indispensable source of national prosperity and individual virtue. Spary's fascinating account opens a new chapter in the history of France, science, and the Enlightenment.

Singing The French Revolution

Author: Laura Mason
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801432330
Size: 65.30 MB
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Laura Mason examines the shifting fortunes of singing as a political gesture to highlight the importance of popular culture to revolutionary politics. Arguing that scholars have overstated the uniformity of revolutionary political culture, Mason uses songwriting and singing practices to reveal its diverse nature. Song performances in the streets, theaters, and clubs of Paris showed how popular culture was invested with new political meaning after 1789, becoming one of the most important means for engaging in revolutionary debate.Throughout the 1790s, French citizens came to recognize the importance of anthems for promoting their interpretations of revolutionary events, and for championing their aspirations for the Revolution. By opening new arenas of cultural activity and demolishing Old Regime aesthetic hierarchies, revolutionaries permitted a larger and infinitely more diverse population to participate in cultural production and exchange, Mason contends. The resulting activism helps explain the urgency with which successive governments sought to impose an official political culture on a heterogeneous and mobilized population. After 1793, song culture was gradually depoliticized as popular classes retreated from public arenas, middle brow culture turned to the strictly entertaining, and official culture became increasingly rigid. At the same time, however, singing practices were invented which formed the foundation for new, activist singing practices in the next century. The legacy of the Revolution, according to Mason, was to bestow new respectability on popular singing, reshaping it from an essentially conservative means of complaint to an instrument of social and political resistance.