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The Evaluation Of Research In Social Sciences And Humanities

Author: Andrea Bonaccorsi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319685546
Size: 74.46 MB
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This book examines very important issues in research evaluation in the Social Sciences and Humanities. It is based on recent experiences carried out in Italy (2011-2015) in the fields of research assessment, peer review, journal classification, and construction of indicators, and presents a systematic review of theoretical issues influencing the evaluation of Social Sciences and Humanities. Several chapters analyse original data made available through research assessment exercises. Other chapters are the result of dedicated and independent research carried out in 2014-2015 aimed at addressing some of the debated and open issues, for example in the evaluation of books, the use of Library Catalog Analysis or Google Scholar, the definition of research quality criteria on internationalization, as well as opening the way to innovative indicators. The book is therefore a timely and important contribution to the international debate.

Fallstricke Der Lehrevaluation

Author: Tobias Wolbring
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 359339961X
Size: 69.24 MB
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In jüngster Zeit wird diskutiert, monetäre Anreize an studentische Lehrveranstaltungsevaluationen zu knüpfen. Anhand empirischer Untersuchungen zeigt Tobias Wolbring Einflüsse der Notengebung und Dozierendenattraktivität, individuelle Unterschiede in der studentischen Urteilsstrenge sowie Selektionseffekte auf. Neben den sozialtheoretischen und methodischen Einsichten aus diesen Befunden arbeitet er die hochschulpolitischen Implikationen dieser Fallstricke bei der Lehrevaluation heraus.

Majority Judgment

Author: Michel Balinski
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262294451
Size: 66.89 MB
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In Majority Judgment, Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki argue that the traditional theory of social choice offers no acceptable solution to the problems of how to elect, to judge, or to rank. They find that the traditional model -- transforming the "preference lists" of individuals into a "preference list" of society -- is fundamentally flawed in both theory and practice. Balinski and Laraki propose a more realistic model. It leads to an entirely new theory and method--majority judgment -- proven superior to all known methods. It is at once meaningful, resists strategic manipulation, elicits honesty, and is not subject to the classical paradoxes encountered in practice, notably Condorcet's and Arrow's. They offer theoretical, practical, and experimental evidence -- from national elections to figure skating competitions -- to support their arguments. Drawing on insights from wine, sports, music, and other competitions, Balinski and Laraki argue that the question should not be how to transform many individual rankings into a single collective ranking, but rather, after defining a common language of grades to measure merit, how to transform the many individual evaluations of each competitor into a single collective evaluation of all competitors. The crux of the matter is a new model in which the traditional paradigm -- to compare -- is replaced by a new paradigm -- to evaluate.

Social Choice And Democratic Values

Author: Eerik Lagerspetz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319232614
Size: 69.73 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive overview and critique of the most important political and philosophical interpretations of the basic results of social choice, assessing their plausibility and seeking to identify the links between the theory of social choice and the more traditional issues of political theory and philosophy. In this regard, the author eschews a strong methodological commitment or technical formalism; the approach is instead based on the presentation of political facts and illustrated via numerous real-life examples. This allows the reader to get acquainted with the philosophical and political dispute surrounding voting and collective decision-making and its links to social choice theory.

Sacred To Female Patriotism

Author: Judith Schneid Lewis
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415944112
Size: 17.47 MB
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Missing from much of the scholarship on 18th century British politics is recognition of the extensive participation of aristocratic women. Fortunately, as a literate and self-conscious group, these women created and preserved vast manuscript collections now available to historians. In Sacred to Female Patriotism, Judith S. Lewis taps into these sources to demonstrate how the social and political worlds of Georgian Britain interacted to give women an influential voice in politics that was previously unimagined. The result is a lively, powerful, and important story that challenges many of our comfortable stereotypes of the past while providing us with a better understanding of 18th century electoral politics in general.