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Racismo Y Xenofobia En El Nacionalismo Catalan Edicion Blanco Y Negro

Author: Cesar Guarde Paz
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781534973114
Size: 19.28 MB
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Este libro quiere presentar desde una perspectiva lo m�s amplia posible el desarrollo textual de los motivos racistas del catalanismo a trav�s del encuentro directo y personal con lo que sus principales ide�logos y art�fices redactaron y publicaron entre 1878 y 1980. Nuestro prop�sito es ofrecer al lector un acceso directo a las voces que formaron los modernos movimientos nacionalistas catalanes en todas sus vertientes, con una presentaci�n sistem�tica de las m�s relevantes afirmaciones, organizadas a modo de antolog�a. Aunque los textos se explican por s� mismos, se ha precedido esta selecci�n de una documentada introducci�n con la que situar al lector en algunos de los principales topoi que aparecen reiteradamente en relaci�n con la cuesti�n de la "raza catalana", Leitmotiv principal de todos ellos: la formaci�n y car�cter del racismo catal�n, la pol�tica del autoodio, el "seny", la raza en el arte y la literatura, el imperialismo y la Guerra Civil.

Children S Literature In Hitler S Germany

Author: Christa Kamenetsky
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780821423646
Size: 73.75 MB
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Professor Kamenetsky examines the changing state of children's literature and folklore in Germany under the impact of Nazi cultural policy between 1933 and 1945. Beginning with a historical introduction highlighting the trends in literary criticism which proved amenable to Nazi ideology, she traces the effect of censorship upon the school libraries, reading curriculum, and publishing environment. Within this context, she focuses on Nazi efforts to propagandize children's literature by distorting existing German values and traditions with the aim of creating a homogeneous and totally subordinated "folk community." Kamenetsky's study demonstrates how, in an effort to build the "new community" of the Third Reich, the National Socialists created literature and reinterpreted existing works along strict ideological lines. Building upon a folklore revival in pre-Nazi years, they approached the German fold heritage selectively, in order to extort from it a "Nordic" world view which, in Nazi terms, expressed a racial perspective on mankind. New fiction and poetry, too, confined to themes pertaining to the German sphere of interest and the Nordic Germanic heritage, came to reflect an extreme cultural isolationism. Ethnocentric views of this type were also propagated widely in such familiar materials as primers, readers, picture books, and literature used for rallies and rituals. Children's Literature in Hitler's Germany demonstrates the great significance which children's literature and Norse mythology assumed in the National Socialist indoctrination program for the younger generation. As it traces the manipulation of pre-Nazi moods and trends, this study also provides insight into the apparent gullibility of many educators when first confronted with the Folkish ideology. It further explores reasons why the Nazis faced a relatively easy task in imposing a gigantic censorship system upon the German nation. The impact of the censorship, in turn, suggests the broader ramifications of such a Folkish program, not merely in terms of the destruction of books and distortion of humanitarian values belonging to Western civilization, but also in terms of its support of a nationalistic and racial orientation. The author shows how the Nazis utilized such a program by systematic efforts intended to corrode the last remnants of a liberal education prevalent in the Weimar Republic, and to promote simultaneously an enthusiastic following for the Führer.

Basque History Of The World

Author: Mark Kurlansky
Publisher: Knopf Canada
ISBN: 0307369781
Size: 43.40 MB
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"They are a mythical people, almost an imagined people," writes Mark Kurlansky. Settled in a corner of France and Spain in a land marked on no maps except their own, the Basques are a nation without a country, whose ancient and dramatic story illuminates Europe's own saga. Where did they come from? Signs of their civilization exist well before the arrival of the Romans in 218 B.C., and their culture appears to predate all others in Europe. Their mysterious and forbidden tongue, Euskera, is related to no other language on Earth. The Basques have stubbornly defended their unique culture against the Celts, the Romans, the Visigoths and Moors, the kings of Spain and France, Napoleon, Franco, the modern Spanish state, and the European Union. Yet as much as their origins are obscure, the Basques' contributions to world history have been clear and remarkable. Early explorers, they made fortunes whaling before the year 1000 and became the premier cod fishermen in Europe after discovering Canada's Grand Banks. Juan Sebastian de Elcano, a Basque, was the first man to circumnavigate the globe in 1522. Their influence has also been felt in religion as founders of the Jesuits in 1534, and in business, as leaders of the Industrial Revolution in southern Europe. Mark Kurlanky's passion for the Basque people, and his exuberant eye for detail, shine throughout this fascinating history. Like his acclaimed Cod, it blends human, economic, political, literary and culinary history into a rich and heroic tale. From the Hardcover edition.

The Struggle For Modernity

Author: Emilio Gentile
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275976927
Size: 35.70 MB
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During the inter-war period, Italy saw the rapid development of ultra-nationalist & populist politics, which led to the Fascist Party's establishment of a totalitarian state, with the party leader exhaulted as an almost divine figure. This text traces the upheavals in Italian politics & society of the times.

Spanish Identity In The Age Of Nations

Author: José Álvarez-Junco
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 1847796834
Size: 30.56 MB
Format: PDF
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Spanish identity in the age of nations offers the first comprehensive account in any language of the formation and development of Spanish national identity from ancient times to the present. Much has been written on French, British and German nationalism, but remarkably little has been published on Spanish nationalism. Paradoxically, even in Spain there is much more on Basque, Catalan and other regional nationalisms than on Spanish identity. As a result, this study fills an enormous gap in the literature on Spanish history. This book traces the emergence and evolution of an initial collective identity within the Iberian Peninsula from the Middle Ages to the end of the ancien regime based on the Catholic religion, loyalty to the Crown and Empire. The adaptation of this identity to the modern era, beginning with the Napoleonic Wars and the liberal revolutions, forms the crux of this study. None the less, the book also embraces the highly contested evolution of the national identity in the twentieth century, including both the Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship. Álvarez-Junco ́s pioneering study was awarded both the National Prize for Literature in Spain and the Fastenrath Prize by the Spanish Royal Academy.

Europe S 1968

Author: Robert Gildea
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192521241
Size: 73.59 MB
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By the late 1960s, in a Europe divided by the Cold War and challenged by global revolution in Latin America, Asia, and Africa, thousands of young people threw themselves into activism to change both the world and themselves. This new and exciting study of "Europe's 1968" is based on the rich oral histories of nearly 500 former activists collected by an international team of historians across fourteen countries. Activists' own voices reflect on how they were drawn into activism, how they worked and struggled together, how they combined the political and the personal in their lives, and the pride or regret with which they look back on those momentous years. Themes explored include generational revolt and activists' relationship with their families, the meanings of revolution, transnational encounters and spaces of revolt, faith and radicalism, dropping out, gender and sexuality, and revolutionary violence. Focussing on the way in which the activists themselves made sense of their revolt, this work makes a major contribution to both oral history and memory studies. This ambitious study ranges widely across Europe from Franco's Spain to the Soviet Union, and from the two Germanys to Greece, and throws new light on moments and movements which both united and divided the activists of Europe's 1968.

Us Public Diplomacy And Democratization In Spain

Author: Francisco Javier Rodriguez Jimenez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137461454
Size: 63.15 MB
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When the post-war relationship between Spain and America began, Hitler's old ally was an unlikely candidate for US influence. The Cold War changed all this. Soon there were US bases on Spanish territory and a political conjuring trick was under way. This volume examines the public diplomacy strategies that the US government employed to accomplish an almost impossible mission: to keep a warm relationship with a tyrant without drifting apart from his opponents, and to somehow pave the way for a transition to democracy. The book's focus on the perspective of soft power breaks new ground in understanding US-Spanish relations. In so doing, it offers valuable lessons for understanding how public diplomacy has functioned in the past and can function today and tomorrow in transitions to democracy.