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The Manuscript Book

Author: Maria Luisa Agati
Publisher: L'Erma Di Bretschneider
ISBN: 9788891309860
Size: 46.78 MB
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This work has been conceived by the author as an enlarged version of the original volume Il libro manoscritto: Introduzione alla codicologia, already published in this series (n 124). At a time when the breaking down of political and ideological barriers has become an urgent necessity, investigating the science of the book before Gutenberg, i.e., Codicology, considered by the author in its entirety - the history of the ancient and medieval book and the relative manufacturing techniques up to its modern-day place of conservation, and the history of studies undertaken - goes beyond the confines of Greek and Latin civilisations of the western academic tradition. In an attempt at comparative methodology, allowing an improved reading of many artisanal book production phenomena, where possible, those cultures which have come into contact with our own are presented; from East to West, above all Byzantium, the age-old, multi-ethnic empire which gathered and salvaged both Roman and Greek civilisations, an inheritance which it enhanced with cultural and linguistic practices, as well as book and artistic techniques from a diversity of backgrounds.

Medieval Illuminators And Their Methods Of Work

Author: Jonathan J. G. Alexander
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300060737
Size: 29.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Who were the medieval illuminators? How were their hand-produced books illustrated and decorated? In this beautiful book Jonathan Alexander presents a survey of manuscript illumination throughout Europe from the fourth to the sixteenth century. He discusses the social and historical context of the illuminators' lives, considers their methods of work, and presents a series of case studies to show the range and nature of the visual sources and the ways in which they were adapted, copied, or created anew. Alexander explains that in the early period, Christian monasteries and churches were the main centers for the copying of manuscripts, and so the majority of illuminators were monks working in and for their own monasteries. From the eleventh century, lay scribes and illuminators became increasingly numerous, and by the thirteenth century, professional illuminators dominated the field. During this later period, illuminators were able to travel in search of work and to acquire new ideas, they joined guilds with scribes or with artists in the cities, and their ranks included nuns and secular women. Work was regularly collaborative, and the craft was learned through an apprenticeship system. Alexander carefully analyzes surviving manuscripts and medieval treatises in order to explain the complex and time-consuming technical processes of illumination - its materials, methods, tools, choice of illustration, and execution. From rare surviving contracts, he deduces the preoccupation of patrons with materials and schedules. Illustrating his discussion with examples chosen from religious and secular manuscripts made all over Europe, Alexander recreates the astonishing variety and creativity ofmedieval illumination. His book will be a standard reference for years to come.

Sprachphilosophie In Der Islamischen Rechtstheorie

Author: Nora Kalbarczyk
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004366334
Size: 60.29 MB
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In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie untersucht Nora Kalbarczyk, wie Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (gest. 1210) auf der Grundlage von Ibn Sīnās (gest. 1037) Klassifikation der Bezeichnung ein hermeneutisches Instrumentarium entwickelt, das im Kontext der islamischen Rechtstheorie fruchtbar gemacht wird. In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie Nora Kalbarczyk examines how Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (d. 1210) develops – on the basis of Ibn Sīnā’s (d. 1037) theory of signification – a hermeneutic toolbox which is also useful in the context of Islamic legal theory.