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Standard Languages And Multilingualism In European History

Author: Matthias Hüning
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902727391X
Size: 24.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume explores the roots of Europe's struggle with multilingualism. It argues that, over the centuries, the pursuit of linguistic homogeneity has become a central aspect of the mindset of Europeans. In its extreme form, it became manifest in the principle of 'one language, one state, one people'. Consequently, multilingualism came to be viewed as an undesirable aberration. The authors of this volume approach the relationship between standard languages and multilingualism from a historical, cross-European perspective. They provide a comprehensive overview of the emergence of a standard language ideology and its intricate relationship with matters of ethnicity, territorial unity and social mobility. They explain for different European language areas in what ways the emergence of standard languages had an impact on multilingual policies and practices. Its comparative approach makes this volume an important resource for linguists, researchers from different philologies and social historians.

The Unfolding Of Language

Author: Guy Deutscher
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 1466837837
Size: 48.64 MB
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Blending the spirit of Eats, Shoots & Leaves with the science of The Language Instinct, an original inquiry into the development of that most essential-and mysterious-of human creations: Language Language is mankind's greatest invention-except, of course, that it was never invented." So begins linguist Guy Deutscher's enthralling investigation into the genesis and evolution of language. If we started off with rudimentary utterances on the level of "man throw spear," how did we end up with sophisticated grammars, enormous vocabularies, and intricately nuanced degrees of meaning? Drawing on recent groundbreaking discoveries in modern linguistics, Deutscher exposes the elusive forces of creation at work in human communication, giving us fresh insight into how language emerges, evolves, and decays. He traces the evolution of linguistic complexity from an early "Me Tarzan" stage to such elaborate single-word constructions as the Turkish sehirlilestiremediklerimizdensiniz ("you are one of those whom we couldn't turn into a town dweller"). Arguing that destruction and creation in language are intimately entwined, Deutscher shows how these processes are continuously in operation, generating new words, new structures, and new meanings. As entertaining as it is erudite, The Unfolding of Language moves nimbly from ancient Babylonian to American idiom, from the central role of metaphor to the staggering triumph of design that is the Semitic verb, to tell the dramatic story and explain the genius behind a uniquely human faculty.

Violence As Worship

Author: Hans Gerhard Kippenberg
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780804768726
Size: 20.12 MB
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The book views religious violence as a special type of social action and analyzes the world views and scripts of modern militant religious communities as well as those of their opponents.

Dying Words

Author: Nicholas Evans
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444359614
Size: 32.36 MB
Format: PDF
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The next century will see more than half of the world’s 6,000 languages become extinct, and most of these will disappear without being adequately recorded. Written by one of the leading figures in language documentation, this fascinating book explores what humanity stands to lose as a result. Explores the unique philosophy, knowledge, and cultural assumptions of languages, and their impact on our collective intellectual heritage Questions why such linguistic diversity exists in the first place, and how can we can best respond to the challenge of recording and documenting these fragile oral traditions while they are still with us Written by one of the leading figures in language documentation, and draws on a wealth of vivid examples from his own field experience Brings conceptual issues vividly to life by weaving in portraits of individual ‘last speakers’ and anecdotes about linguists and their discoveries

Breaking Up Time

Author: Chris Lorenz
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647310468
Size: 36.14 MB
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Geschichte kommt ohne Zeit nicht aus – doch was ist historische Zeit? Diese Frage ist selten gestellt und noch weniger beantwortet worden. In diesem Buch analysieren prominente Historiker und Philosophen aus einer globalen Perspektive, wie Gesellschaften und mit ihnen Historiker Gegenwart, Vergangenheit und Zukunft voneinander unterscheiden und miteinander in Beziehung setzen. Zentral sind dabei die Fragen, inwiefern Historiker Geschichte selbst aktiv gestalten und welche ethischen und politischen Konsequenzen sich daraus ergeben.

Cultural Overstretch

Author: Jurgen Gerhards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134078013
Size: 23.24 MB
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Within a few years the European Union will be enlarged from fifteen to twenty-eight member states, including Turkey. Cultural Overstretch investigates whether the new countries culturally fit into the European Union. Interpreting the European treaties and the European Law, Gerhards describes in a first step what he calls 'The value script of the European Union'. Using survey data from twenty-eight countries the author examines in a second step whether citizens support the value script of the European Union and whether there are significant differences between old and new member states and candidate countries. The book also highlights cultural differences by referring to modernization theory and forecasts in the concluding chapter the political consequences of a possible cultural overstretch of the European Union.